"Striving for a Healthier Community"
Environmental Health Department provides the following services:
- Septic tank permits
for new installations and existing systems as well as repair of failing
- Well permits for
installation of new wells.
- Water sampling for
bacterial and chemical analysis.
- Permits and
inspections for facilities which provide food or lodging to the public
(ex: restaurants, hotels).
- Permits and
inspections of public swimming pools.
- Permits for tattoo
- Food and Lodging Inspections
- Vector control activities
- Lead poisoning investigations
services are provided by the Food & Lodging section and the Water
& Sewage section. Click here for a current listing of fees.
Certified Food Protection Manager Exam Information
Food and Lodging
and lodging sections primary responsibility is conducting sanitation inspections for
public facilities, which provide food and / or lodging accommodations. Other
responsibilities include: complaint investigations, lead poisoning investigations, food borne outbreak investigations, and plan review for new establishments. Administrative rules can be found at http://www.deh.enr.state.nc.us/rules.htm.
Duplin County Environmental Health is responsible for the sanitation grading of Restaurants, Food stands, Meat Markets, School Lunchrooms, Rest Homes, Nursing Homes, Hospitals, Childcare Centers and Lodging Facilities. Environmental Health Specialists are required to enforce North Carolina Rules and Regulations that govern the sanitation of these establishments.
During the inspection of a food handling establishment, there is an emphasis placed on factors that increase the chance of developing food borne illness. These critical risk factors are:
- Poor personal hygiene/employee health
- Food from unsafe sources
- Contaminated equipment/cross contamination
- Inadequate cooking temperatures
- Improper hot and cold holding temperatures, improper reheating, and improper cooling
Additionally, routine inspections check sewage disposal, water supply, restroom facilities, pest control, cleaning, lighting and ventilation, construction of floors, walls and ceilings and garbage disposal.
inspection is complete, the findings and results of the inspection are documented,
reviewed with the owner / operator, and a letter grade card is posted. Sanitation grade
cards are posted where they may be readily
observed by the public upon entering the establishment. All establishments are required by
law to keep their grade card posted.
sanitation grade is based on a 10 point scale and is as follows:
Grade A 90- 100%
Grade B 80- 89.5%
Grade C 70- 79.5%
establishment failing to score at least 70% will have its permit revoked immediately. Click the link for a current list of grades. View WRAL Restaurants Listing for Duplin County.
centers are inspected once every six month period by an Environmental Health Specialist.
Additional inspections may be conducted at any child care facility as often as necessary to ensure compliance with applicable
handling, and preparation of food are checked during inspections. Additionally, the
following items are checked regularly during inspections: diapering and diaper changing
facilities, furniture, toys, beds, cots, linen, hand washing of staff and children,
lighting and thermal environment, and hot
water temperatures at sinks that are accessible to children.
inspection is complete, the findings and results of the inspection are documented on the
appropriate inspection form. The form is then reviewed
with the owner / administrator, and a
sanitation classification card is posted. The classification rating is posted in the
facility in a conspicuous place designated by the Environmental Health Specialist. Child care centers are rated Superior,
Approved, Provisional, or Disapproved based on a demerit-score grading system. The degree
of the facilitys compliance with sanitation standards are indicated by the total
demerit-point score. The demerit- score point system is as follows:
Superior 0-15 Demerits
Approved 16-30 Demerits
Provisional 31-45 Demerits
46 or more Demerits
center which violates a critical six point item receives
a provisional rating. When a center receives a provisional rating, another inspection is
conducted within 7 days to determine if the critical item has been corrected. If it has
been corrected, the provisional rating is changed to approved or superior. The provisional
rating is changed to disapproved if the violation has not been corrected in the time
allowed. Critical items that constitute a six point deduction include, but are not limited to: a violation of
hot water temperatures for children, improper diapering methods, unapproved diaper
changing facilities, improper storage of chemicals and medications, and wastewater disposal. Owners / administrators of child care
centers may request a re-inspection for the purpose of raising their classification rating
at any time.
Temporary Food Establishments
Temporary Food Establishments are required by North Carolina state law to obtain permits from this department prior to selling food. A temporary food establishment is an individual or organization that serves food or drink in connection with a fair, carnival, circus public exhibition, or other similar gathering. Event coordinators and vendors can download permit applications. Simply download the form here and either email it to firstname.lastname@example.org or mail it with all required attachments to our office at PO Box 948 Kenansville, NC 28349.
Event Coordinator Application | Temporary Food Service Application | Temporary Food Service Supplemental Documents for Vendors | Non-profit Exempt Form |
& lodging section is responsible for investigating complaints received from the public
against food and / or lodging establishments. To register a complaint, you may call (910)
poisoning investigations are conducted when a child under six years of age has an elevated
blood lead level. Blood lead testing is recommended for all children under six years of age for early detection. Investigations are used to
attempt to find the source of lead in the childs environment. Several residences may
be involved. When a source of lead is found,
our department is responsible for monitoring
remediation and/or abatement activities.
Food borne Disease Outbreak
diseases which may be spread by food are reported to our office for follow- up. If a large number of people become ill with a
disease an investigation is conducted to try to determine the cause.
drawn to scale, and specifications, including the proposed menu, for new food service
establishments must be submitted for review and approval to the local health department
prior to initiating construction. The fee for this service is $200. Any changes in the dimensions of food preparation
areas, seating capacity, or the addition of rooms to existing food service establishments
must also be approved prior to renovating. Click Here for plan review information and application.
Mobile Food Unit/Pushcart Application
Water and Sewage
office conducts on-site evaluations of proposed home sites to determine the suitability of
the soil for an on-site sewage disposal system. An
application is made with this office for an improvements permit. A plot plan is required to be furnished, which
indicates the size of the lot that is to be evaluated, the size and location of the
proposed dwelling, the size and location of any adjacent structures and future
development, and the location of any wells or existing septic systems.
of septic systems are based on the number of bedrooms in a dwelling, the number of
employees in a business, and the number of seats in a restaurant or a church. This
information must be furnished to this office when the application is made.
above information is obtained, personnel from this office then visit the site and make a
site evaluation. When determining the site
suitability, the following factors are taken into account:
- Topography and landscape
and slope of the lot (ex. hill or depression)
- Soil characteristics (morphology): texture-relative
proportions of sand, silt, and clay size particles of the soil. The textures are arranged into four general
groups containing twelve textural classes ranging from sand to clay.
- Structure: the arrangement of the soil
- Soil wetness conditions: location of the seasonal high water table or
perched water table, and is determined by observation of colors of chromo 2 or less using
the Munsell Color Chart.
- Soil depth: the amount of suitable soil before an unsuitable
factor such as rock or saprolite.
- Restrictive horizons: soil that is capable of perching ground water or
sewage effluent. They are commonly referred to as hard pans and usually found in areas
- Available space: amount of suitable soil that can be used for
the septic system and repair area.
After the site evaluation
is completed, a classification is given to the site. A suitable classification means that a conventional system can be installed
with out any modifications to the site. A
provisionally suitable classification means that an on-site
system can be installed, with modifications being made to the site, or to the system
design. An unsuitable classification means
that a septic system cannot be installed to meet the required rules and regulations, and
the site is denied a septic system permit.
After the lot has been
classified by the above categories, a permit is either issued or denied. If a permit is issued, a diagram is provided to
the applicant, along with the improvements permit, indicating exactly where the septic
system should be installed.
A final inspection is
required after the septic system installation is completed, so the operation permit can be
issued and the system can be placed into use.
Frequently this office is
called to inspect possible violations of sewage disposal. These may range from kitchen waste being piped to an open ditch, to a direct
discharge pipe from the septic tank or toilet to a ditch or yard. After making an inspection, and determining the
validity of the complaint the appropriate action is taken. If the violations are not corrected in the specified amount of time,
criminal warrants may be issued.
Duplin County is one of a
growing number of counties in North Carolina that has a well ordinance. This means that all new well sites in the county
must first be approved by this office. This helps to insure that wells are located the
required setback distances from all sources of contamination and are constructed according
the standards required by the state. After a
well permit is obtained and the well has been drilled, the well contractor will contact
this office for a grouting inspection. This
inspection is to make sure that the well has been placed in the proper location, and to
verify that the cement grout has been placed at the proper depth and mixed to the correct
Many residents of Duplin
County depend on private wells for their water supply. Often times these people rely on this department to sample their water when
there is an unexplained illness, the water tastes or smells bad, or as a requirement for a
real estate transaction. Samples are
collected by our office for a fee, and are analyzed by the Environmental Sciences Section
of the State Laboratory of Public Health in Raleigh. The most common samples that are taken are for bacterial and chemical
Bacterial sample: (Total
and Fecal Coliform)
The Total Coliform test has
for decades been considered the primary indicator of the bacteriological suitability for
drinking water. The coliform group consists of four genera of bacteria-Enterobacter,
Klebsiella, Citrobacter, and Eshericihia. The
presence of Total Coliforms indicate that the water is unsafe to drink.
Coliform is a subgroup of Total Coliform and a term that is frequently used synonymously
with E. Coli. The presence of Fecal
Coliform bacteria indicates the recent introduction of bacteria from the intestinal tract
of warm blooded animals. Anyone drinking
water which is contaminated with Coliform Bacteria would also be at risk of ingesting any
pathogenic organisms that may be present.
chemical analysis tests for the levels of alkalinity, arsenic, calcium, chloride, copper,
hardness, lead, iron, magnesium, manganese, pH, fluoride, zinc in the private water
|121 Middleton Cemetery Lane,
Kenansville, NC 28349
Hours of Operation:
|Monday through Friday
8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.