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"Striving for a Healthier Community"

IMMUNIZATIONS
Questions & Answers

Q: Why does my baby need immunizations or baby shots?
A: When children are born, they have temporary immunity (protection) from their mother to some, but not all, childhood diseases. It is important to vaccinate children against diseases like diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, tetanus, Hepatitis B, varicella (chickenpox) and Haemophilus influenza type B. When possible, combination vaccines are given to reduce the number of shots required at one time. The immunity children have at birth is temporary, meaning infants need to receive several doses of a vaccine in order to produce lasting immunity against a disease.

Immunizing individual children helps to protect the health of our community. Vaccinating children will help to reduce the risk of exposing people who are considered high risk if they contract (catch) these diseases but cannot medically receive the preventive vaccine. High risk persons include those who are undergoing treatment for cancer, are pregnant, have HIV or other chronic medical conditions.

Q: Why does my baby have to get so many baby shots?
A: There are different shots for different diseases. Baby shots must be given at certain times to protect your baby from these diseases. See the schedule below.

at birth

HepB

2 months

HepB + DTaP + PCV + Hib + Polio + RV 1-2 mos

4 months

DTaP + PCV + Hib + Polio + RV

6 months

HepB + DTaP + PCV + Hib + Polio + RV 6-18 mos 6-18 mos
          (Influenza) 6 mos through 18 years

12 months

MMR + PCV + Hib + Varicella + HepA 12-15 mos  12-15 mos 12-23 mos
         (Influenza) 6 mos through 18 years

15 months

DTaP 15-18 mos       
         (Influenza) 6 mos through 18 years

Vaccine Descriptions:

HepB: protects against hepatitis B
DTaP: a combined vaccine that protects against diphtheria, tetanus, and pertussis (whooping cough)
Hib: protects against Haemophilus influenzae type b
PCV: protects against pneumococcal disease
Polio: protects against polio, the vaccine is also known as IPV
RV: protects against infections caused by rotavirus
Influenza: protects against influenza (flu)
MMR: protects against measles, mumps, and rubella (German measles)
Varicella: protects against varicella, also known as chickenpox
HepA: protects against hepatitis A

Q: What is the difference between required and recommended vaccines?
A: Required vaccines are those that are mandated by laws. These fall under the Public Health Laws for Immunizations. The required vaccines can vary from state to state and do change at times due to new information and recommendations from the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). In North Carolina, every child present in this State shall be immunized against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis (whooping cough), polio, varicella (chickenpox), Hepatitis B, Hepatitis A, haemophilus influenza type B(Hib), rubeola(red measles), mumps, and rubella, rotavirus and influenza.  For more information about North Carolina's immunization laws go to www.immunizenc.com.

Q: Will baby shots make my baby sick?
A: In most cases, vaccines cause no side effects, or only mild reactions such as fever or soreness at the injection site. Very rarely, children experience more serious side effects, such as allergic reactions (difficulty breathing, hives, or weakness), high fever, or behavior changes. Severe reactions to vaccines occur rarely. If your child experiences a more serious reaction, report it to the child's physician immediately. The danger from the disease if far greater than the danger from the vaccine in most cases.

Q: Are baby shots going to hurt my baby?
A: Getting any kind of shot can hurt a little—but it will only last a few moments. Hold and snuggle your baby after they get a shot. Tell your child how good they were and that everything is okay. Remember, baby shots protect against dangerous diseases.

Q:When can my baby go back to day care after getting baby shots?
A: Your baby may return to day care right after you leave the health care provider's office. There is no reason to keep them out of day care after getting shots. Some parents take their babies for shots on days that will give them more time together afterward. It's up to you.

Q: When can I bring my baby in for a shot?
A: Call the Health Department at 296-2130 to schedule an appointment. Be sure to bring your child's shot record if you have a copy from another health care facility.

For schedule of all vaccines go to the CDC website

http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/parents/downloads/parent-ver-sch-0-6yrs.pdf

http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/who/teens/downloads/parent-version-schedule-7-18yrs.pdf

ADULT IMMUNIZATIONS

Why do Adults need Immunizations?
Many people think immunizations or 'shots' are just for kids. Adults also need immunizations to help protect them against certain diseases. Sometimes adult shots make up for shots not given during childhood. And, sometimes they 'boost' protection that may be wearing off.

What shots do adults need?
Like children, it depends upon age. An adult's health, work and lifestyle also affect which shots are needed.

Are there side effects to adult shots?
Adult and childhood vaccines are among the safest and most effective medicines available. Common side effects in adults are a low fever and/or a sore arm. Vaccines will not interfere with your current medicines. Talk with your HealthCare provider if you have any questions about which immunizations are recommended for You!

What Adult Immunization Services are available at the Health Department?
The Duplin County Health Department provides Adult immunizations daily, Monday through Friday, by appointment. Call 910-296-2130 for more information.

Vaccines available:

  • Adult Tetanus Diphtheria Pertussis
  • Adult Tetanus Diphtheria
  • Hepatitis A & B
  • Measles, Mumps, Rubella
  • Pneumococcal
  • Influenza
  • Rabies -pre-exposure (by pre-paid order)
  • Varicella
  • Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) - Gardasil
  • Zoster (shingles)

How much do adult shots cost?
Fees vary according to the vaccine requested. Please call our Billing Department for more information on fees.

TO SET UP AN APPOINTMENT OR GET MORE INFORMATION ON ADULT IMMUNIZATIONS, CALL: 296-2130.

LINKS:

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Phone Number: (910) 296-2130
Address: 340 Seminary Street, Kenansville, NC 28349
Hours of Operation: Monday through Friday 8:00 a.m. to 5:00 p.m.